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小学英语一般过去时讲解及试题

  • 名称:小学英语一般过去时讲解及试题
  • 类型:六年级英语试题
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  • 更新时间:11-03 20:18:21
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《小学英语一般过去时讲解及试题》简介

标签:六年级英语试卷,

Hello, boys and girls! 今天我们讲一般过去时,分三个方面讲述,大家可要认真听哟!
I. 一般过去时的概念
一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态。常和表示过去的时间状语连用。如:last year, yesterday等; 也可表示过去经常反复发生的动作,常和often, always等频率副词连用。
例如:
①I saw him in the street yesterday. 昨天我在街上看见他了。
②Li Mei always went to school on foot last year. 去年李梅总是步行上学。
II. 一般过去时的构成
动词过去式的构成:
(1)规则动词过去式的构成有四条规则:
①一般在动词原形末尾直接加上-ed。如:look-looked。
②以不发音的字母e结尾的动词,去e再加-ed。如:live-lived。
③末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,先双写这个辅音字母,再加-ed。如:stop-stopped。
④末尾是辅音字母+y结尾的动词,先变y为i,然后再加-ed。如:study-studied。
(2)不规则动词的过去式需特殊记忆。如:am(is)-was, are-were, go-went, come-came, take-took, have (has)-had等。
III. 一般过去时的几种句型
肯定句结构为:主语+动词的过去式+其它。如:He went to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天去玩具店了。
否定句结构为:主语+did not (didn't)+动词原形+其它。如:He didn't go to the toy store yesterday. 他昨天没去玩具店。
一般过去时的一般疑问句的构成:
Did+主语+动词原形+其它?如:
1) -Did you go to Beijing last week?
-Yes, we did. (No, we didn't.)
2) -Did you meet the businessman before?
-No, I didn't. (Yes, I did.)
一般过去时的特殊疑问句的构成:
疑问词+did+主语+动词原形+其它?如:
1) -What did you do last night?
-I did my homework.
2) -Where did you go last week?
-I went to Shanghai with my parents.
一般过去时口诀
一般过去时并不难,表示过去动作、状态记心间。
动词要用过去式,时间状语句末站。
否定句很简单,didn't 站在动词原形前,其它部分不要变。
一般疑问句也好变,did放在句子前,主语、动词原形、其它部分依次站。
特殊疑问句也简单,疑问词加一般疑问句记心间。
最后一条请注意,动词过去式要牢记。
小朋友们口诀记,学会一般过去时没问题。
小学阶段要掌握的几个动词的过去式:
watched TV, washed clothes, played football, cleaned the room, visited grandparents, went to a park, went swimming, read a book, went fishing, went hiking, learned Chinese, sang and danced, took pictures, climbed a mountain, ate good food, bought presents, rowed a boat, saw elephants, went skiing, went ice-skating.
同学们,关于一般过去时我们就简单地学这些,你们都掌握了吗?加油呀!一

一般过去时的练习
I.用所给的动词的适当形式填空。
⒈He _____(visit) the Great Wall last year.
2.We________(have) a good time yesterday.
3.We often _______(go) to school by bus last year.
4.I ________(live)in the village when I was a child.
5.Mike______(see) a big tiger in the nature park last year.
6.Sam_____ (do) the housework yesterday.
7.______(do) you _______(enjoy) yourself yesterday?
8.______(do)you _________(play) the violin in the artroom yesterday?
No, I didn't. I_____(draw)some pictures there.
9.. I ______ (eat) a big pizza yesterday.
10.There____ (be) many sheep on the farm last year.
11. I ______ (watch) a cartoon on Saturday.
12. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper last night.
13. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)
14. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives last Spring Festival?
15. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.
II.选择填空
(???? ) 1. She watered the flowers ________.
????????? A? tomorrow?? B? sometimes?? C? yesterday morning
(???? ) 2.What ____? Mike do last weekend ??? A? do????? B? does????? C? did
(???? ) 3. I ___ my room last Sunday.??? A? cleaned?? B? clean? C? am? cleaning
(???? ) 4. I often help my mother _____? housework.
???????? A? does?????? B? did????????? C? do????????
(???? ) 5. _____ you _____ TV last night .
???????? A? Do, watch?? B? Did, watch??? C? Did, watched
(???? ) 6.---Did? your father write an e-mail? yesterday ?
???????? A? Yes, he did.? B Yes, he? does?? C No, he don’t
(???? ) 7.They _____? on? a trip in February ,2007.
???????? A? are going??? B going??????? C went
(???? ) 8.We’re going to _____ mountains? tomorrow .
???????? A? climb?????? B climbed????? C climbing
(???? ) 9. ____ he ____ football two days ago?
???????? A? Does , play?? B Did , played?? C Did , play
(???? ) 10.----Good afternoon, Miss Lee. How does Mike feel?
???????? -----He’s tired . He ____ a lot of work ______ .
???????? A does , this morning? B do , this morning C did , this morning?
III.连词成句。
1. did, what, you, yesterday, do. _______________________________________
2. watch, John, did, TV, weekend, last. _______________________________________
3. went, I ,to, by, park, a, bike? _______________________________________??
4. jumped, the, into, lake, he, and, the, to, swam, kite.
_______________________________________________________________________
IV.根据句意,填上合适的单词。
1.-Where??????? you go on your holiday? - I????????????????? a park。
2.-??????? did you do on your holiday? - I???????? presents。
3.-???????? did you go there?I I went???????? plane.


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